小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cut

 
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考试接近,今日给咱们梳理了英语考试中的高频考点100个。根底再差也能再提20分,一定要仔细看看哦


1、名词的单复数

规矩改动+s/es、不规矩改动(mouse-mice)、单复数同形、同一词在不同含义下有或许可数有或许不行数


2、名词所有格

‘s(表明有生命:Lily’s desk)、of所有格(表明无生命the window of the room)


3、名词润饰语

只润饰可数名词(each、every、a great many)、只润饰不行数名词(little、a little、 alarge amount of)、都能够润饰(some、alot of、plenty of)


4、不定冠词(a/an奇数不特乌兹别克斯坦指);定冠词(the/this/that/these/those表特定)


5、such的用法

such作限定词和all,no,any,some,other,anther等词连用时,such放后边。

假如such润饰奇数可数名词,且与不定冠词连用时需置于其前;such前有no时不必冠词。


6、so的用法

在believe,think,expect,suppose等词后用so替代前文提出的观念

在必定句中表明与上文相同的状况,如:So do I.


7、all和both的用法

all三者或三者以上悉数都,both二者都。all指全体或笼统事物时作为奇数,指人时作为复数。both做主语时,谓语动词用复数。


8、many润饰或替代可数名词,much润饰或替大马哈鱼代不行数名词

many a 许多(谓语动词用奇数)

a good/greatmany许多

as many as/asmuch as相同多、差不多


9、little几乎没有,润饰不行数名词

a little有一点,润饰不行数名词

few几乎没有,润饰可数名词

a few有一点,润饰娇宠可数名词


10、描述词比较级第一流

原级比较:…is as good asmine.

表明少于或超越另一方:fewer than, morethan

易混杂短语:as well as也…既…

as far as就…而言


11、比较级常见过错:用much表着重时的误用

She looks moreyounger than I.()

She looks muchyounger than I.(√)


12、介词短语要害

except for除了

in place of替代

on behalf of代表

but for要不是

in front of在…前面


13、介词across,over,through,past四个常考介词的差异

across横穿穿越,发作在物体外表

over跨过跳过,发作在物体上方

through穿过,发作在某物空间内

past从旁经过

                           

14、易混杂的介词短语

in all一共

after all究竟

at all底子,常用在否定句中表着重

above all最重要的是,尤其是


15、序数词前一定要加定冠词the,改错常考,序数词与基数词连用时,序数词放在前面,如the first one。


16、will和would的用法(常考)

will常与第二人称you连用,表明寻求对方定见,will you/won’t you?

would更含蓄谦让一些,常用短语:would like to dowould rather甘愿


17、虚拟口气

 

18、一般现在时表将来的2种状况:

拟定或组织好的工作、一定要发作的动作:Thetrain arrives at 10.

在时刻状语从句、条件状语从句、退让状语从句中一般现在时表将来


19、曩昔即即将发作的动作:was/were about todo sth.


20、语句中呈现曩昔时,才会运用曩昔完成时表曩昔的曩昔-一向延续到曩昔的动作

I was tired. I had been working sincedawn.


21、常用句型:

It is adj. forsb.to do sth.

It is adj. ofsb. to do sth.(描述词点评或人)


22、常常接疑问词+不定式的动词:learn,ask,discuss,explain,know,remember,forget,understand,think,consider,decide.

如 I have to learn how to study English.


23、主谓共同

the number of+复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用奇数

a number of+复数名词时,谓语动词用复数

someplentyofa lot of,谓语动词依据所润饰的词而定

a quantity of谓语动词用奇数;large quantities of谓语动词用复数


24、谓语动词就近共同:

either…or…/neither…nor…/notonly…but also…谓语动词和接近的主语共同(常考)


25、同位语从句

常跟同位语从句的名词或短语小当家(常考):belief/doubt/hope/report/word/opinion/idea…运用举例:We have some doubt whether they can complete the task on time.


26、直接引语和直接引语

变直接引语要向前推一个时态!例:

He said, ”I amsorry.”

He said that hewas sorry.


27、定语从句who/whom的用法(介词+wh五月婷om)例:

He is the manwho lives next door.

I have manyfriends to whom I am going to send postcards.


28、定语从句that/which的用法,一般能够交流,但下列状况有必要用that(改错常考):

先行词是all,much,few,little,something等不定代词时

先行词有the only,thesame,the very润饰时

主句是以which最初的特别疑问句时

先行词既有物又有人时

先行词是序数词、描述词第一流时


29、as和which用法剖析,引导非限定性定语从句

as的先行词只能是语句,which的先行词能够是词。


30、表明一…就的引导词

as soonas/immediately/instantly/the moment/no sooner than/hardly


31、no sooner与hardly在句首时,要求语句倒装。


32、so that 连用引导意图/成果状语从句

so adj./adv./many/few+that:There is so little time that…

such adj.+名词+that:Kathy is such a lovely girl that…


33、着重句型:It is/was 被着重的部分 that/who 语句剩下部分,和定语从句的差异:

It was 8 when Ileft home.(定语从句)


34、"wish +宾语从句",表明不大 或许完成的希望

表明现在的不能完成的希望:主语+曩昔时;

表明曩昔的不能完成的希望:主语+had done;

表明将来的不能完成的希望:主语+would/could do


35、It was + 时刻段+before…."过了多久才……"

It wasnot long before…."不久,就……"

Itwill (not) be +时刻段+before…."要过多久(不久)……才……"(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态)


36、as if/though+主语+did/had done…如同……(表明现在或将来的状况用曩昔时;表明曩昔的状况用曩昔完成时)[参阅句型4]
  [例句]
  Our head teacher treats us as if we were her ownchildren, so all the students in our class think highly of her.


37、as, though, although引导的退让状语从句。
  [留意]although坐落句首;though坐落句首或句中;as坐落句中=though。它的词序是把句中着重的描述词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。


38、in case of…(+n.) "以防;如果";
  in case that…"以防,如果……"(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)


39、作文段首高分句型

关于……人们有不同的观念。一些人以为……
There are different opinions among people as to __重庆好玩的当地__ .Some people suggest that____.
俗话说(常言道)……,它是咱们长辈的阅历,可是,即便在今日,它在许多场合依然适用。
There is an old saying that______. It"s the experience of our forefathers;however,it is correct in many cases eventoday.
现在,……,它们给咱们的日常日子带来了许多损害。首要,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。
Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.
关于……人们的观念各不相同,一些人以为(说)……,在他们看来,……
People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that______.To them,_____.


40、作文中心阶段高分句型
相反,有一些人拥护……,他们信任……,并且,他们以为……。
On the contrary,there are some people in favor of___.At the same林美仑 time,they say____.
可是,我以为这不是处理……的好办法,比方……。最糟糕的是……。
But I don’t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.
对咱们国家的开展和建造是必不行少的,(也是)十分重大宝法王神通很厉的要的。首要,……。并且……,最重要的是……

______isnecessary and important to our country"s development and construction.First,______.What"s more, _____.Most important of all,______.
为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的首要原因是由于……
Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.Thethird is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______ is due to ______.   I fully agree on the statement that ______ because______.


41、作文结束阶段高分句型
至于我,在某种程度上我赞同后边的观念,我以为……
As far as I am concerned, I agree on the latter opinion to some extent. I thinkthat ____.
总而言之,整个社会应该亲近重视……这个问题。只要这样,咱们才干在将来……。

In a word, thewhole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this waycan ______in the future.
可是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(优点)。例如,……,而……。可是,把这两者比较较,我更倾向于(喜爱)……
But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____.Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.
就我个人而言,我信任……,因而,我深信夸姣的未来正等着咱们。由于……
Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I'm confident that a brightfuture is awaiting us because______.

至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我以为……更合理。只要这样,咱们才干……
For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can we _____.


42、英语作文表达常用句型短语(表达原因)

A number of factorsare accountable for this situation.

T小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cuthe answer tothis problem involves many factors.  

The phenomenonmainly stems from the fact that...  
Perhaps the primary factor is that …  


43、表明比较
The adva熊仪ntages far outweigh the disadvantages.  

The advantagesof A are much greater than those of B.  
A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...  
It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that... 

For all thedisadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.  
Like anything else, it has its faults.  
It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )arlittlstare ... 

 
44、表明驳斥
It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.  
There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more importantfact.  
Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.  
Many of us have been under the illusion that...  
Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...  
Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ... 

 
45、表明成果
It may give rise to a host of problems.  
The immediate result it produces is ...  
It will exercise a profound influence upon...  

Its consequencecan be so great that...  


46、即将举例

A good case inpoint is ...  
Such examples might be given easily.  
...is often cited as an example.  


47、表明证明
No one can deny the fact that ...  

The idea ishardly supported by facts.  
Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...  

Recent studiesindicate that ...  
There is sufficient evidence to show that ...  
According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...  


48、反义疑问句速记口诀:

反意问句三要害,前后谓语正相反;
短句not如呈现,有必要缩写是习气;
最终一点应留意,短句主语代词填


49、短文改错易错点四要法:

要先阅览全文,知道粗心

要经过找句号把长语句拆国家公务员考试分出来

要剖析语句结构,再从“多、缺、错、对”四方面细看

要通读改后的文章,用语感通查


50、短文改错四观念:

看有无共同性问题(主谓共同、单复数共同)

看有无调配过错(动宾调配、介词调配)

看词法和语法过错(冠词、非谓语动词误用)

看每行每句间的逻辑过错(甚至有外形相同的词汇误用)


51、agree to赞同某项方案或组织

agree with赞同或人

agree on达成协议、定见共同


52、also用于必定句,放在系动词、助动词、神态动词后

too&as well用于必定句,放在句末(too用逗号离隔)

either用于否定句,放在句末

例:John also playspiano./He speaks French, and English as well./I want to eat an apple, too./Idon’t watch TV, either.


53、become指身份和职位的改动

get+描述词表变得,多用于白话

grow表逐步变成某种状况

turn+表色彩和气候的描述词,变得和曾经完全不同

go+adj.从好的状况变成坏的状况


54、before long不久以后

long before很久曾经(多用于曩昔完成时)


55、but表转机口气最激烈

while着重前后者比照Tom is reading while Jim is playing football.

however表明转机常用于插入语,需求和语句用逗号离隔

though引导退让状语从句


56、compare…with…把…与…比较

compare…to…把…比作…Life is compared to a voyage.生命被比作一次飞行。


57、damage表明部分损坏

ruin和destroy表明完全的损毁,但destroy只能作动词,ruin能够表明名词


58、die of因…而死,表明内部原因如疾病

die from因…而死,表明外部原因如交通事故


59、be famous for以…知名(某种技术、某部著作)

be famous as以某种身份知名

be famous to为或人所知The writer is famous to us.


60、hear of直接的传闻

hear about听到…的概况

hear from收到…的来信


61、in future距现在间隔较近的将来Don’t do that in future.

in the future距现在间隔较远的将来Who knows what will happen in the future?


62、in the air在空中,悬而未决的(后者比较常用)

in the open air在户外

on the air在播送、正在播映


63、keep doing sth.一向做某事,着重活动不间断的状况

keep on doingsth.一向做某事,着重客服困难继续坚持


64、no more than只是,只不过

not more than至多,不超越


65、only if只要…才…

if only要是…就好了,接虚拟口气


66、sometime在曩昔或未来的某个时分

sometimes有时

some time一段时刻

some times几倍、几回


67、used to do曩昔常常做某事

get/become/beused to doing sth.习气于

be used to do被用来做某事


68、悉数倒装句的常见结构:

here, there,now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。
There goes the bell.

表明运动方向的副词或地址状语置于句首,谓语表明运动的动词。
Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.


69、部分倒装句的结构和用法

把“so ... that ...”句型中的“so + 描述词 / 副词”部分放在句首时,be动词或助动词放在主语前面。如:So frightened was the girlthat she daren't move an inch further.
用so,neither或nor构成的特别句型,表明另一人或物也具有和前面说到的相同状况时,呈现部分倒装。如:Jimasked the question. So did Lily.
把具有“否定”含义的词语放在句首时,呈现部分倒装。如:Never shall I forget youradvice.


70、特别景象倒装

“only + 状语从句”和“not until + 从句”坐落句首时,在主句中进行倒装。如:Not untilthe child slept did the mother leave the room.
“not on石顶武ly...but also...”衔接两个分句,notonly坐落句首时,倒装在not only地址分句进行。如:Notonly were the children moved but also the adults showed their pity.
“no sooner...than...”句型中的nos樱花树ooner坐落句首时,倒装在no sooner 主句中进行;“hardly / scarcely...when...”句型中的hardly坐落句首时小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cut,倒装在hardly / scarcely主句中进行。


71、完型填空解题4步准则:

第一步:跳读。带着空小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cut格通读全文,了解短文粗心,判别短文文体,一起能将会做的题及时处理佳人宜修掉。
第二步:选答。这一步最为要害,要求考生对每一道题进行仔细琢磨,可是要劝诫他们万万不行依照题的次序答题,对那些不能拿不准的题先跳曩昔,遵从先易后难的解题准则。
第三步:琢磨。这实际上便是要求考生对完形填空短文的华章作通盘考虑,把其间一些需求依据上下文语境来考虑的比较难答复的题,以及语句之间和阶段之间的逻辑相关较强的仔细琢磨,鉴别,挑选和选择。
第四步:复查。这是答复这类题的最终一步,要求考生解完题之后必须再把文章通读一遍,从全体上精确掌握文章的真实意思,及时修正与全文有收支的一些选项。


72、高考英语听力技巧

敏捷阅览问题。运用听录音前的时刻,敏捷看一遍标题,猜想短文或对话或许触及的内容。
留意听短文的首句和首段。文章的开首句和开首段,往往是对短文内容的归纳,如说话意图、首要内容、作者、观念、故事发作的时刻、地址及事由邓州市气候预报等。
获取对话中的详细信息。留意对话中的一些详细信息,如时刻、地址、人物、时代事情、数字等。
了解体会对话的意图观念、情绪及内容。要特别留意说话者随时会改动主见和更正说过的话。有时分,更正的话会由其他人说出来。
立足于全体。不论听什么资料,留意力一定要会集在全体内容的了解上,千万不能只停留在单个单词或单句上。
要害听实词。要把要害放在听要害词即实词上,一边听一边把要害及答复问题的要害词记下来小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cut。


73、引导定语从句的常见词
引导定语从句的联络词有联络代词和联络副词,常见的联络代词包含that, which, who(宾格whom,所有格whose)等,联络副词包含where,when, why等。联络代词和联络副词放在先行词及定语从句之间起衔接效果,一起又作定语从句的重要成分。


74、定语从句分类

依据定语从句与先行词的联络,定语从句可分为限制性定语从句及非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句紧跟先行词,主句与从句不必逗号分隔,从句不行省去。非限制性定语从句与主句之间有逗号分隔,起弥补阐明效果,如省去,意思仍完好。


75、短文改错常见过错查看思路

句中各部分的结构是否完好,特别是每个语句要有动词;
谓语动词的时态、语态;
非谓语动词的用法;
名词的单、复数,格的运用是否正确;
定冠词和不定冠词是否正确;
代词的格和性的运用是否有误;
定语从句中联络代词、联络副词是否精确无误;
并排句中的并排连词、主从复合句中的隶属连词用的是否妥当。


76、小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cut短文改错解题4准则

改动以最少为准则;虚词以增加或删去为准则;实词以改动词形为准则;以坚持语句原意为准则。


77、短文改错解题留意事项

核对错项时,若的确有一时难以改出的当地,能够参阅所改动项是否根本契合“1:1:8”的份额。即多一词1个,缺词1个,错词8个。
核对改正的语法项目是否有重复。由于短文改错往往掩盖面广,一般不会呈现重复考察某个语法点的现象。
核对答题符号是否标准,方位是否精确,看看有无遗失符号、疏忽字母大小写和拼写等问题。


78、短文改错常见过错1

谓语动词的过错是历年考试的要害和热门,常见动词过错类型有①一般现在时与一般曩昔时错用;②and前后动词时态不共同;③主谓不共同;④短少动词,特别是be动词;⑤第三人称奇数方式错用;⑥自动语态和被动语态错用。
They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my timeto my studies. (did改为do,过错类型归于①)
As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.(visiting改为visited,过错类型归于②) 


79、短文改错常见过错2

名词的常见过错:单复数名词错用,可数名词与不行数名词错用。
I’ll get good marks in all my subject. (subject改为subjects)


80、短文改错常见过错3

冠词过错:误用a和an(依据单词的第一个音从来断定);误用a/an和the(固定调配,或泛指、特指;多冠词或少冠词)
We maybe one family and live under a same roof. (a改为the,the same是固定调配)


81、短文改错常见过错4.

描述词和副词过错:系动词(am/is/are/was/were/become/go)和感官性动词(smell/feel)后用描述词;词性的误用(描述词润饰名词;副词润饰动词和描述词)。
I’m sure we’ll have awonderfully time together. (time是名词,要用描述词wonderful润饰)
My pronunciation was terribly. (was后用描述词,terribly改为terrible)


82、短文改错常见过错5.

代词过错:代词的主格和宾格(I/me;he/him; she/her; we/us; they/them)过错;反身代词(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves)运用过错;代词的奇数和复数运用过错;代词指代过错;多代词或少代词。
Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to expressme in simple English. (me改为myself)
One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. (to前加it)


83、短文改错常见过错6

非谓语动词的常见过错:不定式、动名词作主语、宾语时;and衔接的不定式或动名词前后不共同;介词后用动名词方式作宾语;某些动词后要求接动名词或不定式。
Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper. (enjoy后需接动名词,talk改为talking)
But his parents think go to college is more important than playing sports. (go作主语,应改为going)


84、短文改错常见过错7

介词过错:词组中的介词误用仲;介词意思了解误差;介词的多用或少用。
There are too many people among my family. (among改为in,in my family为固定调配)
I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉at,the moment引导从句)


85、遇到生词的猜词法——依据界说或解说、阐明猜想生词的词义
在有be,call等判别词呈现的语句中,能够依据已知部分,猜想生词的含义。例如:
A person who is skilled at making or repairing wooden objects is called acarpenter。
经过了解定语从句的意思,能猜出carpenter是“木匠”的意思。


86、遇到生词的猜词法——依据比照联络猜想生词的词义
在有but,however,yet,otherwise,though这些表明含义转机的连词呈现的语句中,其前后的词有显着的比照联络,依据已知的内容,经过这种比照联络,就很简单猜出生词的词义了。例如:Though Tom‘s face has been washed quiteclean,his neck still remains grubby。
和clean意思相对的便是“龌龊的”了,因而可猜出句中grubby的意思是“龌龊的”。


87、遇到生词的猜词法——经过因果联络猜想词义
because,since与as是衔接原因状语从句的隶属连词,so是衔接成果状语从句的连词,so...that...与such...that...中的th撸狠狠at是衔接成果状语从句的。当这些信息词呈现在有生词的语句中,经过因果联络,依据已知部分就能猜出生词的词义。例如:She wanted the hairdresser to trim her hair a bit because it was toolong。
依据because从句所讲的意思,咱们就可估测trim便是“修剪”之意。


88、遇到生词的猜词法——依据日子常识猜想词义
运用逻辑推理才能,本身的日子经历及日子常识。再联络上下文能读懂的部分,能够正确猜出词义。例如:Most ofthe roses are beginning to wither because of the cold。
依据语句意思及日子小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cut经历,wither是“干枯”的意思。


89、遇到生词的猜词法——依据平等联络猜想词义
平等联络,指的是一个词,一组词或短语在句中作同一成分,并且它们的词义都归于同一领域。显着的标志是,这样的词组或短语中心常常用并排连词and或or来衔接。例如:At

forty-twohe was in his prime and always full of energy。

从“年纪42岁”以及与prime具有平等联络的full of energy能够猜出prime的意思是“盛年时期”。


90、遇到生词的猜词法——依据罗列的案例猜想词义
You can take any of the periodicals:“The World ofEnglish”。“Foreign Language Teaching in Schools”,or“English Learning”。从后边罗列的比如中,能够猜出periodical是“期刊,杂志”的意思。

91、依据构词法常识猜想词义
依据学过的构词法常识,知道词根和前缀或后缀的含义,就可猜出由它们组成的新词词义。例如:The colorsof Hawaii in Summer are unforgettable。
forget 的意思是“忘掉”,后缀"-able"表明“能够”,前缀“un”表明否定,所以“unforgettable”意思便是“无法忘掉的”或“难忘的”。


92、should+动词原形的虚拟结构

在这个状况下,宾语从句需求运用should+动词原形,口诀:

一、二、四、四:一个坚持(insist)、两个指令(order、command)、四个主张(suggest、propose、recommend、advise)、四个要求(demand、require、request、desire)

I suggest youshould have enough sleep.

动名词和动词不定时差异系列


93、forget to do忘掉做某事

forget doing忘掉已做过某事


94、regret to do惋惜要做某事

regret doing懊悔做过某事


95、mean to do 计划妄图做某事

mean doing意味着做某事


96、try to do 尽力做某事

try doing企图做某事


97、need to do需求做某事

need doing需求被…

最常见的介词用法


98、by的用法

在…周围=beside

靠、经过某种手法、交通工具

依照It is 8 by my watch.胎穿在母亲肚子里修仙

在…之前、不迟于Can you return the book by Monday?

被、由用于被动语态 written by Jk.


99、for的用法

为了、给(表明意图)

历经(时刻、间隔)for a month

以…价值/价钱交流

支撑拥护,反义词against

就…而言 too much for me


100、of的用法

所属联络a friend of mine

同位联络the city of BJ

关于,表明动作的目标(常与hear,think,talk连小老鼠上灯台,英语考纲100个高频考点,背完再捞20分!,cut用)hear of sb.

身世、原资料made of

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